The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is a South American member of the camel family, living in small bands of females usually led by a male. Both sexes are pale brown above and white below and have a greyish head. Guanacos have a calm attitude, so were domesticated for use as pack animals. The result is the llama of today – llamas don’t exist in the wilderness.


Populations in some areas have declined substantially as a result of habitat loss and competition with other grazing animals, and the governments of Peru, Paraguay, and Bolivia consider the guanaco an endangered species.


Herbivorous eating mainly grasses and shrubs


The guanaco ranges from sea level to the snow line throughout the Andes from Peru and Bolivia southward to Tierra del Fuego and other islands

Life Span

Enjoys a lifespan of up to 33 years in captivity and 15-20 in the


The adults stand about 110 cm at the shoulder and weigh about 90 kg

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