IUCN Red List Status:


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Mosses, herbs, ferns, grasses, and the
shoots and leaves of shrubs and trees,
especially willow and birch


Native to Arctic, subarctic, tundra,
boreal, and mountainous regions of
northern Europe, Siberia, and North


male reindeer can grow up to 1.2
metres tall at the shoulder and weigh
up to 250 kilograms


Enjoys a lifespan of 15 years in the
wild and 20 years in captivity

Reindeer, also known as caribou in
North America, are the only deer species in which both the male and female can grow antlers. They are very social creatures. They feed, travel and rest in groups called herds.

Reindeer spend up to 40% of their lives
in snow, so they’ve developed special
adaptations to help them survive the
chilly conditions. Their cloven hooves
(divided into two) spread their weight,
helping them stand on snow and soft


Reindeer are the only deer species to
have hair completely covering their
nose. Their nose helps to warm cold
air before it enters their lungs

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